Knee, Elbow & Joint Pain

Knee pain is a common complaint and there are many causes, including wear and tear on the surfaces of the joint itself; damage to the cartilage pads within the knee; sprains of the ligaments that hold the knee together; strains of the muscles which surround the knee and help it to move; problems with the kneecap due to muscular imbalance; referred pain from the back, pelvis, hip or ankle.

Tennis elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) is a common cause of elbow pain characterized by pain over the outer side of the elbow, which may radiate down the forearm. Despite the name, tennis elbow does not just afflict tennis professionals. In fact, this common elbow problem is most often associated with work-related activities, although racquet sports players are more prone to the condition and account for approximately 5% of all sufferers. Tennis elbow usually begins as inflammation of the extensor tendons of the forearm as they attach to the humerus (upper arm) bone, just above the elbow joint. Typically this inflammation is caused by prolonged gripping activities such as hammering, driving screws, weight lifting, playing certain musical instruments, canoeing, driving and, of course, racquet sports. If these activities are continued, then the inflammatory nature of tennis elbow can give rise to a chronic tendon problem that is characterized by pain, weakness and degeneration of the tendon.